Cyber Security in M2M

What is Cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity (or cyber security) incorporates the body of

  • technologies,
  • processes,
  • mechanisms and
  • practices

designed to protect

  • networks,
  • computers,
  • programs,
  • information and
  • services

from unintended or unauthorised

  • access,
  • attack,
  • impairment
  • manipulation or
  • destruction,

therefore ensuring their

  • integrity,
  • confidentiality,
  • security or
  • availability.

Cybersecurity in machine-2-machine (M2M) communication environments is a relatively new area that goes beyond the traditional understanding of IT security. While the latter is often associated with attacks or security breaches on personal computers (like viruses or malware) or the typical Internet infrastructure (like a DoS attack on a webserver), M2M cybersecurity looks into vulnerabilities of computer-controlled and highly automated environments with restricted or no direct user access  / intervention. Such environments include wireless sensor networks, industrial control systems or smart grid infrastructure and are often based on mission-critical real-time embedded systems that are interconnected using wired (e.g. Ethernet, RS-485) or wireless (e.g. 802.15.4) network standards.